Just imagine that every 43 seconds someone experience heart attack.
Cardiovascular disease is a leading cause of death among Americans.
In vast majority of cases heart attack occurs because heart muscle doesn't get enough of oxygenated blood.
When fatty plaques accumulate in the coronary arteries, they narrow the lumen and reduce the blood flow. This condition is medically called atherosclerosis. By the way, it was found that this disorder has a close link with excessive weight, poor diet, smoking and lack of physical activity.
It's not a sudden event. Waxy substances build up on the walls of your vessels during many years.
Sometimes these plaques may burst. After that blood cells stick to the damaged area, forming a blood clot. Large clots can completely reduce blood flow through the affected artery.
It's not uncommon for blood clots to tear off the artery's wall and travel to the other part of the body, blocking the vessels and causing a stroke.
If blockage of the coronary artery isn’t cured quickly, cardiomyocytes (heart muscle cells) die off. The larger portion of the cardiac muscle gets damaged, the higher are risks of fatality.
Actually heart attack often doesn't cause clutching unbearable chest pain, accompanied by faintness, as you saw in the movies.
Numerous studies show that women are more likely to have non-typical symptoms, which can be even confused with acid reflux or flu.
Okey, crashing pain, heaviness and tightness in the chest refer to the classic manifestation of the heart attack. But what's else?
Medical professional strongly recommend seeking for medical help immediately, if you or your beloved one have any of these symptoms:
#1 Discomfort in the neck, upper back, shoulder or jaw – women often experience pressure, pain and squeezing in the left arm (more rare – in both upper limbs), jaw and left upper side of the back during the heart attack.
#2 Shortness of breath – it is usually described as “lack of the air” and “difficulty breathing”. It may occur with or without typical chest pain. Dyspnea may be the only symptom of the blocked coronary artery, particularly in women.
#3 Indigestion and heartburn – it may be difficult to recognize the heart attack, if have burning and pain in the abdomen. Most of us relate these symptoms to the upset stomach or acid reflux. But be aware that nausea, vomiting, tightness and belching may also indicate occlusion of the coronary artery.
#4 Unusual tiredness – sometimes this symptoms appear several days before the accidence. Reduced blood flow may lead to extreme fatigue, which can interfere with your routine activities.
#5 Cold sweat and lightheadedness – you may think that your well-being is disturbed by age-related hormonal changes. We want to warn you that sweating and dizziness, which develop abruptly, can be a sign of the heart attack.
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